Alfred Herrmann Fried (1864-1921).

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Alfred Herrmann Fried (1864-1921).

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        Together with Bertha von Suttner, A. H. Fried figures as the most outstanding personality of the Austrian and German peace-movement.
        Born in Vienna in 1864 as a son of a merchant, A. H. Fried took up the profession of a bookseller and publisher. At the age of 18 he settled in Hamburg as an apprentice, and soon afterwards he moved to Berlin, where he lived until 1903. There, apart from his literary and journalistic activities - he wrote for a number of Viennese newspapers - he concentrated on his publishing firm, which he had established in 1887.
        In 1899 Fried began with the editorship of the "Friedenswarte", the sole Geman-language peace journal whose articles ever found a wide international appreciation. At times, this periodical reached 10.000 subscriptions.
        In 1903, Fried returned to Austria. In 1911, he was awarded, together with the Dutch international jurist Tobias A. C. Asser, with the Nobel Peace Price. The outbreak of the War in August 1914 compelled him to continue his efforts in a neutral country. he settled in Bern where - in cooperation with the International Peace Bureau - he edited the "Blätter für Internationale Verständigung und Zwischenstaatliche Organisation" (Papers for International Conciliation and Intergovernmental Organisation").
        He returned to Vienna in 1920. Though still regarded as the most famous representative of the Peace Movement in Germany and in Austria he was not able to regain the undisputed position of the propagandist of peace which he had enjoyed during the two decades before the Great War. He died in May 1921.

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