S. Lester's Diary (1935-1941) consists of two bound volumes.
Vol. I contains a typescript copy of pages 1-753 and a copy of an article on S. Lester published in "UN Special", July 1959;
Vol. II contains photocopies of pages 754-978 (including annexes and an index to the diary).
The collection of Lester papers (including some pages from the diary, private and official correspondence, reports, many press cuttings,relating particularly to the Danzig period when he was targeted by the Nazi press, etc.) covers essentially the period 1929-1946, but also includes some post-retirement material running up to 1959, as well as some photos and family letters.Lester, Sean 1888-1959 Irish journalist, diplomat and last Secretary-General of the League of Nations Sean Lester was born on 27 September 1888 in County Antrim, Ireland, where his father was a shopkeeper. The family subsequently moved to Belfast and it is here, that after some years in the Methodist College, S. Lester ended his formal education. During a first period when he worked in a number of minor jobs, Lester discovered the cause of Irish independence. He joined the Gaelic League, an inspirational cultural organisation, and also the Dungarnon clubs, a young revolutionary group that sought to unite protestant and catholic Irish and to achieve independence for the country. Lester was also sworn into the Irish Republican Brotherhood, a small and secret organisation, and became a member of the Irish Volunteers. In 1909 Lester went into journalism, starting in small provincial newspapers, and finally in the national paper, The Freeman's Journal. Shortly after Ireland's independence was recognised, h
The records relate to the re-drafting, in first reading, of the substantive provisions of the Draft Covenant on Human Rights by the Commission on Human Rights, including correspondence and comments on articles from the Division of Human Rights and the Department of Social Affairs.
The records include two memoranda addressing the work on the draft Covenants. The first, from 1956, deals with the allocation of time in the Third Committee to the draft Covenants, at the expense of other agenda items, notably self-determination. The second memo, from 1959, refers to a proposal to convene an Ad Hoc committee of the General Assembly for the draft Covenants.
These records provide an account of the work of the delegation of the Division of Human Rights to the General Assembly during the proceedings of the Third Committee on the Covenant. The file includes correspondence concerned with the writing of the letter sent to member states and interested specialized agencies regarding the drafting of the covenants on human rights. The records include a letter from the noted jurist and internationalist René Cassin to John Humphrey, Director of the Division of Human Rights. A member of the Commission on Human Rights from its creation in 1946, Mr. Cassin served as vice-chairman (to Mrs. Roosevelt's chairmanship) during this period. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1968.
The records consist of memoranda with regard to the work of the Third Committee on the covenant on economic, social and cultural rights. In particular, the correspondence deals with the drafting of Article 15, where the draft English version refers to "the general principles of law recognized by the community of nations". The French version speaks of "les principes généraux de droit reconnus par l'ensemble des nations", a text originally proposed by René Cassin in 1952. Division Deputy-Director Mr. Schwelb, serving as Secretary of the Third Committee, believed there was a difference in substance between the two phrases and as a consequence favored using the text from the Statute of the International Court of Justice which refers to "the general principles of law recognized by civilized nations" .
The records include correspondence on procedural questions regarding voting on covenants on human rights as well as observations from the High Commissioner for Refugees on the draft covenants. The records are a continuation of part "B" in documenting the work of the Division of Human Rights in the Third Committee.
The records contain several confidential memoranda from the Secretary of the Third Committee outlining the divisions within the Committee regarding the drafting of the covenants as well as a confidential four page memorandum from the Acting Director of the Division of Human Rights to the Acting Assistant Secretary-General, Department of Social Affairs, entitled: The Fate of the Draft Covenants on Human Rights.
The records consist of correspondence with regard to the drafting of the Covenants on Human Rights. The file includes a paper on implementation prepared by Kamleshwas Das of the Division.
The records include memoranda concerning the international machinery of implementation of the Draft Covenant on Human Rights. In addition the file contains correspondence regarding the decision by the Commission on Human Rights that the Committee on Human Rights, created to implement the covenants, should be elected by the International Court of Justice from a panel nominated by the States Parties to the Covenant. Included is a legal opinion by the Director of the Division of Human Rights on the competence of the International Court to undertake this function.