China appealed to the League of Nations on 21 September 1931 under Article 11 of the Covenant following action by Japanese troops in Manchuria.
The Committee of Three appointed by the League of Nations Council to deal with the Bolivia-Paraguay dispute was composed of the Chairman S. Lester (Irish Free State), S. de Madariaga (Spain) and J. Matos (Guatemala).
The Representative of Bolivia was Costa du Rels, and the Representative of Paraguay, Caballero de Bedoya.
Summary of events:
- 1932 Sep: Council defers to Neutral Commission in Washington re-Chaco;
- 1933 Feb: Council endeavours to organise embargo
Neutral Commission gives up, way clear for League of Nations;
May: Paraguay declares state of war (mere confirmation)
Council decides for on-the-spot League Commission. Parties agree
Nov: After delay, Commission arrives
- 1934 Feb: Commission finds parties ..., reports to Council
Council renews embargo efforts
Aug: Embargo complete. Bolivia requests question to go before Assembly, not Council.
Nov: Assembly adopts treaty, Bolivia accepts it, not Paraguay
- 1935 Jun: Bolivia and Paraguay agree to stop fighting
- 1935 Jul: Peace signed.
Colombia's appeal under article 15 of the League of Nations Covenant on the disputed border town of Leticia, ceded to Colombia by Peru under treaty in 1922. According to the Peruvian Government the cession of Leticia to Colombia was unjustified.
A Committee of Three including S. Lester (Irish Free State), Madariaga (Spain), and Matos (Guatemala) was appointed by the League of Nations Council to follow the Colombia-Peru dispute. Ireland was a member of the League of Nations Council.
Summary of events (from Francis Paul Walters' book, "A history of the League of Nations", p. 536, London: Oxford University Press, 1952).
1932 Sep: Peruvians occupy Leticia, Lima disavows them;
1933 Jan: S. Lester on behalf of de Valera reminds two countries of duties as members
of the League of Nations,
Case brought before Council,
Feb: Article 15 involved by Colombia,
Mar: Council recommendations (against Peru),
Council sets up Advisory Committee (S. Lester chairman),
May: War threatens, emergency meeting of Advisory Committee,
New Peruvian president cooperative, S. Lester convenes Council,
two governments table agreement,
Jun: League of Nations flag hoisted in Leticia for a year, all well.
Disarmament Conference: second year reconvened in January 1933. The Conference separated in June 1934. No agreement.
Several petitions from Jews in German Upper Silesia, and mainly the one of Franz Bernheim brought before the League of Nations Council by the Secretary-General.
1933: S. Lester was appointed High Commissioner of the Free City of Danzig by the League of Nations Council. He officially took his functions on 15 January 1934. His main role was the one of mediator between the Danzig population, the Poles and Germans.