The Political Section used to act as a Diplomatic Service within the Secretariat.
It had two main categories of responsibilities:
- to deal with international tension affairs under the competency of the League of Nations;
- to deal with the admission and withdrawal demands to the League of Nations.
Moreover, the Political Section dealt, on an information basis, with many various affairs.
The League of Nations' more specific political work has mainly been carried out in five directions:
- the improvement of the instrument of peace entrusted to it. (Refers to the 1919 Covenant of the League of Nations organised by a powerful group of States determined to prevent the repetition of such a calamity as the Great War. The idea was that of organizing the world justly and fairly. Gradually, between 1920 and 1932, the great majority of neutrals and all the former enemies of the founder States became Members of the League of Nations);
- the reduction of armaments (see Disarmament Section);
- the supervision of the territories placed under the mandate of various States (see Mandates Section);
- the execution of minority obligations assumed by treaty (see Minorities Section);
- and the settlement of the various international disputes between 1919 and 1935.
In 1933, because of the creation of a "Central Section", the Political Section was no longer in charge of the admission and withdrawal demands to the League of Nations, as well as some diplomatic or formal responsibilities.
In 1934, the Information Section was merged into the Political Section headed by
J. Nogueira and was responsible for Latin America questions and for Administrative Commissions.
In 1939, the Political Section officially disappeared and its activities were transferred to Department I.